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Poznyakovskiy V.M. , Kemerovo Institute of Food Science and Technology (University) , bul'v. Stroiteley 47, Kemerovo, 650056 Russia

Gorlov I.F. , Povolzhskiy (Volga) Research Institute of Production and Processing of Meat and Dairy Products , ul. name Rokossovskogo 6, Volgograd, 400131 Russia

Tikhonov S.L. , Ural State University of Economics , 8th of March Str. 62, Ekaterinburg, 620219 Russia , tihonov75@bk.ru

Shelepov V.G. , Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences , Krasnoobsk, Novosibirsk Region, 630501 Russia

Год 2015 Номер журнала 1 DOI 10.12737/11244
Аннотация The use of modern technologies in meat production often leads to the formation of raw meat with uncharacteristic course of autolysis, one raw meat being characterized by a low pH value (less than 5.2), it is pale, flabby and watery (Pale, Soft, Exudative (PSE) with a loose consistency. Meat juice is allocated and meat has a sour smell. Other meat has a high ultimate pH (more than 6.2), it is dark, tough and dry (Dark, Firm, Dry (DFD) with coarse fiber and sticky. One of the quality indices enabling to identify meat into PSE and DFD groups is color. The pH of meat correlates with the loss of meat juice and color. Pork protein with PSE defect is characterized by a small amount of fractions with a high molecular weight and a large proportion of protein fractions with the molecular weight from 100 to 50 kDa. During meat production the technological solution for the rational use of raw meat with deviations in the autolysis process can be modes of heat treatment and the use of food additives. Stress causes a significant impact on the meat quality of slaughtered animals. The appearance of meat with PSE quality is associated with the animal susceptibility and its response to the stressful situation, and the specificity of biochemical processes in pork is caused by the development of a stress syndrome PSS (Porcine Stress Syndrome), the syndrome of poor adaptation. The meat quality is affected by breed, for example, hybrid pigs are superior to pure bred in technological properties and meat productivity. The meat of pigs of large white x Landrace x Duroc refers to NOR meat, which makes it more valuable. Due to the fact that the susceptibility of pigs to stress is inherited as a single recessive gene, the pigs are divided by genotype into two groups: stress sensitive and stress resistant. It has been shown that the activity of antiperoxide enzymes is higher in stress resistant broiler chickens than in stress sensitive ones.
Ключевые слова Meat quality, reasons of forming the nontraditional meat quality, autolysis, antioxidant system, lipid peroxidation
Информация о статье Дата поступления 27 января 2015 года
Дата принятия в печать 6 апреля 2015 года
Дата онлайн-размещения 30 июня 2015 года
Выходные данные статьи Poznyakovskiy V.M., Gorlov I.F., Tikhonov S.L., and Shelepov V.G. About the quality of meat with PSE and DFD properties. Food and Raw Materials, 2015, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 104-110
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