Article information

Views: 306


Khramtsov A.G. , North Caucasus Federal University , Pushkin Str. 1 Bldg. 1, Stavropol, 355009, Russian Federation

Blinov A.V. , North Caucasus Federal University , Pushkin Str. 1 Bldg. 1, Stavropol, 355009, Russian Federation

Blinova A.A. , North Caucasus Federal University , Pushkin Str. 1 Bldg. 1, Stavropol, 355009, Russian Federation ,

Serov A.V. , North Caucasus Federal University , Pushkin Str. 1 Bldg. 1, Stavropol, 355009, Russian Federation

Year 2017 Issue 1 DOI 10.21179/2308-4057-2017-1-30-40
Annotation Physical and chemical properties of whey mineralizates obtained from unsalted cheese whey, curdy whey and casein whey treated by electrodialysis. The extent of electrodialysis treatment of whey on the structure of its dispersed phase was studied by the photon-correlation spectroscopy method. The considerable effect of electrodialysis treatment on the dispersed structure of whey, on stability of whey proteins that form the basis of the dispersed phase of whey was defined. These variations may significantly affect the organoleptic and technological properties of demineralized whey, its shelf life and biological value. It’s been established that the demineralization causes significant changes to the specific electrical conductivity and the active acidity of both whey and whey mineralizates. Their physical and chemical properties were studied with the following methods: potentiometry, conductometry, stalagmometric method, viscometry, refractometry. The elemental and phase composition were studied by a range of advanced methods, such as X-ray phase analysis, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescent microanalysis, infrared spectroscopy. It’s revealed that the main crystalline phases of whey mineralizates are the potassium and sodium chlorides, calcium and magnesium phosphates, calcium sulfate and carbonate. The results of infrared spectroscopy allowed identification of the lactate, citrate, sulfate and phosphate ions in the structure of whey mineralizates. The ultimate composition of whey mineralizates is represented by such chemical elements as Cl , Ca , Na , Mg , K , S , P , O , Al , Si and N . The correlation between the composition and properties of whey mineralizate and initial milk whey is established.
Keywords Whey mineralizates, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray phase analysis, scanning electron microscopy, energy- dispersive microanalysis
Artice information Received April 1, 2017
Accepted May 24, 2017
Available online June 29, 2017
Imprint article Khramtsov A.G., Blinov A.V., Blinova A.A., and Serov A.V. Influence of the whey type on composition and properties of its mineralizates. Food and Raw Materials, 2017, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 30-40. doi: 10.21179/2308-4057-2017-1-30-40.
Download the full article
  1. Ponomarev А.N., Klyuchnikov А.I, and Polyansky К.К. Osnovnye napravlenia membrannykh technologiy pri pererabotke molochnoy produktsii [Main areas of membrane technologies for diary product processing]. Voronezh: Istoki Publ., 2011. 356 p.
  2. Donskikh А.N. Razrabotka alternativnykh technologiy proizvodstva demineralizovannoy tvorozhnoy syvorotki [Alternative technology development for production of demineralized whey]. Cand. eng. sci. thesis. Stavropol, 2013. 24 p. 
  3. Avanesova А.V. Razrabotka technologii varenykh kolbas s ispolzovaniem mineralizata syvorotochnogo [Technology development of cooked sausage using the whey mineralisate]. Cand. eng. sci. diss. Stavropol, 2011. 216 p.
  4. Volodin D.N., Zolotaryova M.S., Topalov V.K., et al. Milk whey processing: conceptual strategy, real technologies, adequate investments, demanded products. Molochnaya promyshlennost' [Diary industry], 2015, no. 5, pp. 36–41. 
  5. Khramtsov А.G. Fenomen molochnoy syvorotki [Milk whey phenomenon]. St. Petersburg: Professija Publ., 2012. 803 p.
  6. Blinova А.А., Serov А.V., Khramtsov А.V., and Naberezhny D.О. Sravnitelnaya otsenka effektivnosti novogo moyusche-dezinfitsiruyuschego sredstva [Comparative assessment of the new detergent and disinfectant agent performance]. Materialy IV-й ezhegodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii «Universitetskaya nauka – regionu» [Proc. of the IV Ann. Sci. Pract. Conf. “University Science to Regions”]. Stavropol: SKFU Publ., 2016. 278 p.
  7. Blinova А.А., Blinov А.V., Serov А.V., et al. Normalnye otkhody pererabotki molochnoy syvorotki – perspektivnaya otsenka dlya sozdaniya moyusche-dezinfitsiruyuschikh rastvorov [Normal wastes of milk whey processing – perspective basis to create detergent and disinfectant solutions]. Materialy III ezhegodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii posvyaschennoy 85 letiyu Severo-Kavkazskogo Federalnogo Universiteta «Universitetskaya nauka – region» [Proc. of the III Ann. Sci. Pract. Conf. to honor 85th of the North Caucasus Federal University “University Science to Regions”]. Stavropol, SKFU Publ., 2015. 344 p.
  8. Spektrometr dinamicheskogo and staticheskogo rasseyaniya sveta Photocor Complex [Photocor Complex Spectrometer of dynamic and static light diffusion]. Available at: (accessed 19 February 2017).
  9. Tekhnicheskie usloviya TU 4215-004-52722949-2002. Analizatory zhidkosti. Konduktometr «Ekspert-002» [Specifications TU 4215-004-52722949-2002. Liquid scanners. Conductometer “Expert-002”].
  10. Rukovodstvo po ekspluatatsii i metodika proverki «Konduktometry EKSPERT-002» [Operating manual and verification method “Conductometers EXPERT-002”]. Moscow: EKONIKS-EKSPERT Publ., 2002. 23 p.
  11. GOST 18481-81. Areometry i tsilindry steklyannye. Obshchie tekhnicheskie usloviya [State Standar 18481-81. Densimeters and glass cylinders. General specifications]. Moscow: Standartinform Publ., 2007. 22 p. 
  12. Vereshchagin A.L. and Balabanova S.S. Svoystva rastvorov kolloidnykh poverkhnostno-aktivnykh veshchestv: metodicheskie rekomendatsii po vypolneniyu laboratornykh rabot po kursam «Kolloidnaya khimiya», «Poverkhnostnye yavleniya» [Properties of colloidal solutions of surface-active substances: guidelines for laboratory procedures for “Colloid Chemistry”, “Superficial phenomena”]. Biysk: Polzunov Altai State University of Engineering Publ., 2008. 19 p.
  13. GOST 10028-81. Viskozimetry kapillyarnye steklyannye. Tekhnicheskie usloviya [State Standar 10028-81. Glass capillary viscosity meters. Specifications]. Moscow: Standartinform Publ., 2015. 15 p. 
  14. GOST 3624-92. Moloko i molochnye produkty. Titrimetricheskie metody opredeleniya kislotnosti. Moloko i molochnye produkty. Obshchie metody analiza [State Standar 3624-92. Milk and dairy products. Titrimetric methods for acidity determination. Milk and dairy products. General test methodsа]. Moscow: Standartinform Publ., 2011. 10 p.
  15. Pentin Yu.А. and Vilkov L.V. Fizicheskie metody issledovaniya v himii [Physical test methods in chemistry]. Moscow: MIR Publ., 2003. 683 p.
  16.  Elektronnaya mikroskopiya [Electronic Microscopy]. Available at: microscopes/microanaliz/eds. (accessed 19 February 2017).
  17. Tepel A. Khimiya i fizika moloka [Chemistry and physics of milk]. St. Petersburg: Professija Publ., 2012. 832 p.
  18. Nakanisi К. Infrakrasnye spektry i stroenie organicheskikh soedineniy: prakticheskoe rukovodstvo [IR-spectra and structure of organic compounds: practical guide]. Moscow: MIR Publ., 1962. 220 p.
  19. Nakamoto К. IK-spektry i spektry-KR neorganicheskikh i koordinatsionnykh soedineniy [IR-spectra and Raman spectra of non-organic and complex compounds]. Moscow: MIR Publ., 1991. 536 p.
  20. Lipson G. and Steeple G. Interpretatsiya poroshkovykh rentgenogramm [Interpretation of powder X-ray]. Moscow: MIR Publ., 1972. 350 p.

Copyright © 2017, KemIFST. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, provided the original work is properly cited and statesitslicense. This article is published with open access at