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Krasnova T.A. , Kemerovo Institute of Food Science and Technology (University) , bul'v. Stroiteley 47, Kemerovo, 650056 Russia ,

Gora N.V. , Kemerovo Institute of Food Science and Technology (University) , bul'v. Stroiteley 47, Kemerovo, 650056 Russia ,

Golubeva N.S. , Kemerovo Institute of Food Science and Technology (University) , bul'v. Stroiteley 47, Kemerovo, 650056 Russia ,

Year 2015 Issue 1 DOI 10.12737/11467
Annotation The adsorption of gallic acid on active carbons of different ranks with different pore structure and chemical state of the surface is investigated. The regularities and features of the adsorption process are established. It is revealed that the adsorption isotherm of gallic acid from the aqueous solution with activated carbon of AG-OB-1 rank refers to the L-type isotherms by Giles's classification, and AC adsorption isotherm of ABG and Purolat-Standard ranks - to the S-type isotherms. L-type isotherm gives evidence concerning the flow of physical adsorption. With S-type isotherm is the adsorption described, at which the strength of the interaction between the solute and the adsorbent is less than the force of interaction between the adsorbed molecules, which can be explained by the formation of hydrogen bonds. It was found that the maximum adsorption of gallic acid with carbon sorbents changes in the following sequence - "Purolat-standard" > ABG > AG-OV-1. The mechanism of adsorption of gallic acid on active carbons is offered. Proceeding from the structure, the chemical state and the main adsorption parameters of active carbon, we can assume that the adsorption of gallic acid has physical nature. It can take place in pores, both due to dispersion interaction (of van der Waals forces) and due to the interaction between the active carbon surface functional groups, containing oxygen with carboxyl and hydroxyl groups of gallic acid. The values of adsorptive capacity testify to the dependence of the adsorption efficiency on the structure and physical-chemical properties of the sorbent. It has been determined that by the absorption of gallic acid specific interaction makes greater contribution. It is shown that the results obtained can be applied to create adsorption technologies on removing gallic acid from the sewage containing individual components and from the mixture with other polyphenols, including beer wort.
Keywords Gallic acid, carbon sorbents, adsorption
Artice information Received March 26, 2015
Accepted April 8, 2015
Available online June 30, 2015
Imprint article Krasnova T.A., Gora N.V., and Golubeva N.S. Influence of physical-chemical properties of active carbons on gallic acid adsorption. Food and Raw Materials, 2015, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 120-125
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